Manueline architectural style
- An innovative, unique architectural and art style named after King Manuel I (r. 1495-1521). In the middle of the 19th century, Portuguese romantic writers, including the great Almeida Garrett, began to describe the unusual architectural style developed during Manuel's reign as "Manueline." In recent years, some scholars have termed the style "Atlantic baroque" instead, because it combines themes of maritime life and a grotesque, even wild look. The style continued some years after Manuel's death in 1521. Both civil and religious architecture were affected by the style. It appears in private houses, as well as in historical monuments such as Jerónimos Monastery and the famous "Tomar Window" of the Order of Christ Chapel in Tomar. Typical of Manueline decorations are sea life and maritime themes of coral, ropes, buoys, cork, ship rigging, seaweeds and other sea plant life; tropical fruits and vegetables; and figures of mariners, all rendered in stone.
Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. by Douglas L. Wheeler . 2014.
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